The ruins of ancient Hoa Phong Tower on the shore of Hoan Kiem Lake

Share
(0 votes, average 0 out of 5)

To appreciate the past importance of Hoan Kiem Lake to the people of Hanoi, we need to be aware of pagodas that are no longer standing. Some of these were large complexes, housing monasteries, temples, pagodasand meeting rooms.

Hoa Phong Tower today

 

The Hoa Phong tower is located on Dinh Tien Hoang Street, Hoan Kiem district in front of the Central Post Office, on the shore of Hoan Kiem Lake. 

Bao An Pagoda was on the floor of the old Five Dragons (Trinh Giang built in 1740). The pagoda was also called Lien Tri pagoda, surrounded by water moat and lotuses fully covering the moat surface. 

The Hoa Phong tower is the last vestige of Bao An pagoda under Hanoi General Nguyen Dang Giai who took responsibility to raise money to build the pagoda in 1842.

The bulky Bao An pagodatook four years to complete construction. After the French colonialists occupied Hanoi (1883), they immediately built streets, Dinh Tien Hoang Street is one of the first  to be opened. 

In 1882, Bao An pagoda was pulled down to build the Post Office and governor of Tonkin’s residence at the back. This is now the Government Guest House. 

But they still left a temple door in front of the Post Office and a tower after the pagoda named Hoa Phong tower. 

In 1898, they demolished the temple gate and the only the tower remaining.

The tower is in square shape and the name Hoa Phong meaning 4-season favorable winds because four doors look in four directions. 

Unicorns stand on the corner columns. The upper part of the tower is narrower and the four roofs constitute a gourd, symbolizing the sky in miniature. 

Bricks from the famous Bat Trang ceramic village were used in the second layer. 

Bao An pagoda was built on a large scale of about 360,000 square meters. 

The front of the pagoda overlooked the Red river, and the back of the temple was based on Hoan Kiem Lake. 

On the pagoda foundation were 36 houses with 180 chambers, lots of corridors, steeple, tower bridge. It was built on octagonal ground  (8 corners, 8 edges), surrounded by walls, a moat covered with lotus. Lush trees grewproviding shadein four seasons.

Two letters Bao An mean causal retributive theory of Buddhism. Those who do kind works will be returned to the Earth as human beings. 

But those who cause cruelty will be punished, and demons will take them.

Tháp Hoà Phong Hà Nội

Hoa Phong Tower today

dl2_jpg.jpg

Hoa Phong tower which stood in front of Bao An Pagoda in the past

dl3_jpg.jpg

Thap co Hoa Phong

Thap co Hoa Phong

Hoa Phong tower which stood in front of Bao An Pagoda in the past

 

Thap co Hoa Phong

Thap co Hoa Phong

Hoa Phong Tower on an old postcard

Thap co Hoa Phong

Tháp Hoà Phong Hà Nội

Hoa Phong Tower today

Tháp Hoà Phong Hà Nội

Thap co Hoa Phong

Thap co Hoa Phong

Thap co Hoa Phong

Thap co Hoa Phong

Thap co Hoa Phong

Thap co Hoa Phong

Thap co Hoa Phong

 

 

Source: VietNamNet

Maybe You Also Interesting :

» Stunning scenery of ancient Hoi An from the view of a drone

Aside from visiting the many historical relics and enjoying fine cuisine in the ancient town of Hoi An in the central coastal province of Quang Nam, visitors...

» Legendary Tay Giang fokienia forests in Tay Giang province protected by locals

The ancient pomu (fokienia) and do quyen (rhododendron) trees in the Tay Giang district of Quang Nam province, which have existed for thousands of years, are...

» Thanh Hóa renovates ancient tomb

Local authorities in the central province of Thanh Hóa began renovation work on Wednesday at a downgraded ancient tomb of a princess, the 11th daughter of...